Claire Cain Miller at the New York Times gets the key issue with the gender pay gap:
Although in most respects women have made dramatic progress towards equality over the past half century, there is one trend that has counterbalanced the other wins:
Jobs increasingly require long, inflexible hours, and pay disproportionately more to people who work them. But if one parent is on call at work, someone else has to be on call at home. For most couples, that’s the woman — which is why educated women are being pushed out of work or into lower-paying jobs.
The fact that medical doctors have high scheduling flexibility is why…
High pay, growing demand, rewarding work, high respect from the rest of society, and flexible scheduling. Not bad if you can stomach it.